Types of Arthritis

Arthritis is the inflammation of one or more joints which results in joint pain, swelling or stiffness of varying degrees. It generally occurs in elderly people as the risk of this disease increases with age, but it may also affect people of younger ages including children. It affects people from all racial and ethnic groups, although it seems to be more common amongst women than men. This disease makes movement very painful, which drastically reduces physical activity, essentially increasing the risk of other diseases. You can also opt for joint replacement surgery for Arthritis, if  needed.

There are over a hundred types of arthritis, depending upon the location and the type of inflammation. The causes of this condition ranges from general stress on joints due to daily movement, to joint damage resulting from other diseases.


Three most common types of arthritis

  1. Osteoarthritis: This condition affects approximately one percent of the entire world population, making it the most commonly seen type of arthritis. This is caused due to excessive stress on joints which may occur due to improper exercise, joint injuries or even obesity, as the increased weight puts more strain on joints. Weight-bearing joints such as the spine, hips and the knees are the most affected places, causing pain and discomfort.
  2. Rheumatoid Arthritis: This is the second most common type of arthritis. It is an autoimmune disease unlike osteoarthritis. It is caused when the immune system attacks your own body’s tissues, focusing on joints which receive pressure like heels, elbows or knuckles. This eventually erodes the tissues joining the bones, causing severe deformities. This condition is usually accompanied by fever and fatigue.
  3. Gout: This condition is caused when uric acid is not properly metabolized, making it accumulate in the body, slowly crystallizing and causing inflammation and crippling pain. This generally starts with affecting small joints like toes, and slowly spreads to the other joints of the body. The symptoms start with joint pain, swelling and fever.

Need treatment for Arthritis? Contact Dr. Stephen M. Desio

Get in touch with Dr. Desio by visiting the office located in Worcester, Massachusetts. Give us a call on 508-363-6363 to schedule an appointment.

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123 Summer St.
Suite 520
Worcester, MA 01608

Tel: 508.363.6363

123 Summer St. Suite 520, Worcester, MA 01608 508.363.6363